Nearly complete graphs decomposable into large induced matchings and their applications
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We describe two constructions of (very) dense graphs which are edge disjoint unions of large induced matchings. The first construction exhibits graphs on N vertices with (N2)-o(N2) edges, which can be decomposed into pairwise disjoint induced matchings, each of size N1-o(1). The second construction provides a covering of all edges of the complete graph KN by two graphs, each being the edge disjoint union of at most N2-δ induced matchings, where δ>0.076. This disproves (in a strong form) a conjecture of Meshulam, substantially improves a result of Birk, Linial and Meshulam on communicating over a shared channel, and (slightly) extends the analysis of Hastad and Wigderson of the graph test of Samorodnitsky and Trevisan for linearity.
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